It occurs on skin that has sebaceous glands, such as the face, scalp, and upper chest. It tends to last a long time or disappear and come back. It often worsens with cold weather, hormonal changes and stress. Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin disease that causes an itchy rash and scaly scaly.
Causes redness on light skin and clear patches on darker skin. Also called dandruff, cradle cap, seborrhea, seborrheic eczema, and seborrheic psoriasis. Seborrheic dermatitis is a common, non-contagious and easy-to-manage skin condition. This type of dermatitis causes itching, red spots, and greasy scales on the skin, along with white or yellow, crusty or dusty scales on the scalp.
Seborrheic dermatitis (Seb-o-Ree-ik) is a common skin condition that mainly affects the scalp. Causes scaly patches, red skin and persistent dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis can also affect fatty areas of the body, such as the face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids, and chest. MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammatory skin disease characterized by scaly, red, or yellowish scales that resemble dandruff. Sometimes the scales can itch or even crust and ooze. Seborrheic dermatitis affects people of all ages. It remains recurrent, that is,.
However, it most often affects adults aged 30 to 60 years and infants younger than 3 months old. Seborrheic dermatitis can only be controlled, not cured. With proper treatment, you can relieve symptoms and prevent complications. Seborrheic dermatitis in infants is commonly referred to as “cradle cap”, as it most often appears on the scalp.
It can spread widely and cause rashes in the diaper area. Not to be confused with diaper rash. Cradle cap usually resolves on its own without any treatment going away between six months and 1 year of age. The exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis is unknown.
However, some scientists believe that genes and hormones may play a role in the origin of seborrheic dermatitis. A small fungus known as Malassezia furfur has been observed to contribute to the development of seborrheic dermatitis. Since seborrheic dermatitis most often occurs in areas with abundant sebum production, it is believed that oily skin may be one of the factors leading to seborrheic dermatitis. Neither poor hygiene nor allergies cause seborrheic dermatitis.
Although no particular food has been identified as a trigger for seborrheic dermatitis, some studies link certain foods to seborrheic dermatitis. Antifungal drugs such as ketoconazole have shown excellent results in the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis. If the rash does not go away with these products, you should consult your doctor immediately. There may be other skin conditions present, such as psoriasis, that can get worse without proper treatment.
Avoid using steroid-containing products for local applications without talking to your doctor. Steroids come with their set of side effects; therefore, only your doctor can decide if they are appropriate for you. It has been observed that seborrheic dermatitis becomes less severe in summer. Therefore, exposure to sunlight can help reduce the exacerbation of seborrheic dermatitis.
Your doctor may also recommend phototherapy for seborrheic dermatitis. Eating fruits, especially citrus fruits such as oranges and bell peppers, may help you fight inflammation in seborrheic dermatitis. When an adult develops seborrheic dermatitis, the condition can come and go for the rest of a person’s life. One such study, published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology (201), found that a “Western” dietary pattern consisting primarily of meat and processed foods that have been cooked, canned, frozen, dried, baked and packaged could trigger seborrheic dermatitis.
You and your healthcare provider will work closely to select products and develop a treatment plan that is most helpful in treating your unique case of seborrheic dermatitis. In adolescents and adults, seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp (dandruff) or face and body is a condition that comes and goes throughout life. If you are concerned if you have psoriasis or seborrheic dermatitis, see your healthcare provider. However, in adults, seborrheic dermatitis usually follows a pattern of inflammation and clearance that can last for years.
Like seborrheic dermatitis, these conditions cause changes in the skin, but usually in other parts of the body. An inflammatory reaction to excess Malassezia yeast, an organism that normally lives on the surface of the skin, is the likely cause of seborrheic dermatitis. See your doctor if seborrheic dermatitis does not improve, if the area becomes painful, red, or swollen, or if pus begins to drain. The doctor will first try to rule out other skin conditions that are similar to seborrheic dermatitis, such as psoriasis or eczema (also called atopic dermatitis).
Treatments for seborrheic dermatitis of the face and body include topical antifungals, corticosteroids, and calcineurin inhibitors. . .