Treatments for seborrheic dermatitis of the face and body include topical antifungals, corticosteroids, and calcineurin inhibitors. Topical antifungals include ciclopirox, ketoconazole, or sertaconazole. Mild topical steroids, whether on the face or in push-ups, should be used for short-term treatment bursts. The steroid treats redness of the skin, and once irritation has settled and dermatitis is controlled, it is advisable to use only the antifungal agent.
Mild topical steroids can also be prescribed or purchased from the pharmacist as a combined treatment, recommended as a 7-day course of treatment (for example, seborrheic dermatitis on the face can make the skin look red, swollen and greasy in appearance. In more severe cases, white or yellow crusty scales may develop. Anti-inflammatory and antifungal creams and shampoos can effectively relieve the symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis in adolescents and adults. But these drugs only have a temporary effect, so they will not eliminate them forever.
Seborrhea is a rash that makes the skin more porous, which means that the integrity of the skin barrier is weakened. Like eczema and psoriasis, two other common skin diseases, seborrheic dermatitis causes inflammation of the skin. Seborrheic dermatitis is a common scaly rash that often affects the face, scalp, and chest, but can affect other areas. Topical medications such as steroids, pimecrolimus, and tacrolimus are traditionally used to help relieve symptoms of atopic dermatitis.
All my Sheer Strength Pure Physical SPF 50 sunscreens and all my sunscreens are based on zinc oxide, which makes them gentle on skin suffering from seborrheic dermatitis. In addition, certain fungal microorganisms that live naturally on the skin, belonging to the genus Malassezia, can also contribute to seborrheic dermatitis. Steroid drugs that are applied directly to the skin (topical medications, such as creams or gels) have an anti-inflammatory effect, so they are often used to treat seborrheic dermatitis. Factors such as hormones, genes, chemical exposure, and stress can trigger outbreaks of seborrheic dermatitis.
The dermatologist can help identify the cause of seborrheic dermatitis and provide you with the right treatment. In addition to using skin care that controls facial seborrhea, you should also avoid things that will exacerbate facial seborrhea. The exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis is not completely clear, although genetic and hormonal influences have been shown to play a role in this condition. Patients of any age can develop seborrheic dermatitis, including infants (in which it is known as “cradle cap”), adolescents and adults.
If you have dry, inflamed, itchy skin that doesn’t go away after two weeks, it’s important to see a dermatologist. In addition, seborrheic dermatitis improves in some patients treated with oral antifungal drugs. Atopic dermatitis almost always causes itching and redness of the skin, but seborrheic dermatitis is not always itchy. If you have more severe seborrheic dermatitis, you may experience erythematous plaques, which are raised, solid patches of thickly crusted skin on and around the scalp.