Stop using hair sprays, gels, and other styling products while treating the condition. Avoid skin and hair products that contain alcohol. This can lead to an outbreak of the disease. If you have seborrheic dermatitis on your face and body, keep affected areas clean.
Wash with soap and water every day. If you need more help softening the scales, apply a scale-softening cream that contains salicylic acid and sulfur or coal tar. When using them, follow the instructions on the product. The exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis is not completely clear, although genetic and hormonal influences have been shown to play a role in this condition.
In addition, certain fungal microorganisms that live naturally on the skin, belonging to the genus Malassezia, can also contribute to seborrheic dermatitis. Outbreaks of seborrheic dermatitis have been associated with many factors, such as stress, hormonal changes, or illness. But for seborrheic dermatitis, treatments target fungi such as the sebaceous glands, such as Malassezia. Adults may have seborrheic dermatitis on the face, especially around the nose, on the eyebrows, on the eyelids, or behind the ears.
Similarly, a skin biopsy (a procedure in which a small sample of skin is removed) may be required in rare cases to confirm the diagnosis or rule out other conditions that mimic seborrheic dermatitis. When seborrheic dermatitis occurs in the neonatal period, it usually goes away between six and 12 months of age, suggesting that it may be a response to maternal hormonal stimulation. Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that affects areas of the head and trunk where the sebaceous glands are most prominent. If your baby may have seborrheic dermatitis in the diaper area or elsewhere, it is best to see a dermatologist for a diagnosis.
Because seborrheic dermatitis may look like other skin conditions, see your doctor for a diagnosis and treatment plan. They may develop a condition that some call head and neck dermatitis that seems to be closely related to seborrheic dermatitis and is treated similarly. Seborrhea can be difficult to distinguish from atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, rosacea, or superficial fungal infections. Considered a chronic form of eczema, seborrheic dermatitis appears on the body, where there are many oil-producing glands (sebaceous) such as the upper back, nose and scalp.
Sulfacetamide sodium, 10 percent lotion, is also an effective topical agent for seborrheic dermatitis. The symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis can be effectively managed, and there are currently a variety of medicinal treatments available both over-the-counter and prescription. Your healthcare provider may prescribe these products if antifungal products fail to eliminate seborrheic dermatitis or to treat flare-ups. Drug treatment options for seborrheic dermatitis include antifungal preparations (selenium sulfide, pyrithione zinc, azole agents, sodium sulfacetamide and topical terbinafine) that decrease colonization by lipophilic yeasts and anti-inflammatory agents (topical steroids).
For seborrheic dermatitis that affects areas other than the scalp, topical steroids such as hydrocortisone may also relieve redness and itching.