There is no permanent cure for seborrheic dermatitis, but treatment can improve and temporarily eliminate symptoms. Keep in mind that your symptoms may return when you stop using treatment. Treatments aim to reduce inflammation and reduce the amount of Malassezia yeast in the skin. Seborrheic dermatitis (DS) is caused by an autoimmune response or allergy, and is not contagious.
It is also not curable, but it can be controlled with treatment. Facial dandruff can be frustrating, but this common skin condition can be treated. While treatment cannot cure seborrheic dermatitis, treatment has benefits. Treatment can loosen and remove scales, prevent skin infection, and reduce swelling and itching.
Treatments for seborrheic dermatitis of the face and body include topical antifungals, corticosteroids, and calcineurin inhibitors. An inflammatory reaction to excess Malassezia yeast, an organism that normally lives on the surface of the skin, is the likely cause of seborrheic dermatitis. Topical medications such as steroids, pimecrolimus, and tacrolimus are traditionally used to help relieve symptoms of atopic dermatitis. For overall health, it is also important to check with your doctor if you notice any changes in your skin, such as symptoms that suggest seborrheic dermatitis.
The goal of treatment is to reduce the visible signs of seborrheic dermatitis and itching and redness. Your healthcare provider may prescribe these products if antifungal products fail to eliminate seborrheic dermatitis or to treat flare-ups. In adolescents and adults, seborrheic dermatitis usually does not go away on its own without treatment. Peter Lio, clinical assistant professor of dermatology and pediatrics at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine.
The type of treatment that a dermatologist prescribes varies with age and where seborrheic dermatitis appears on the skin. Because seborrheic dermatitis may look like other skin conditions, see your doctor for a diagnosis and treatment plan. Your doctor may be able to determine if you have seborrheic dermatitis by examining your skin. Certain medical conditions can increase people’s risk of developing seborrheic dermatitis, such as psoriasis, HIV, acne, rosacea, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, alcoholism, depression, eating disorders, and recovering from a stroke or heart attack.
You can search by location, condition, and procedure to find the right dermatologist for you. Atopic dermatitis and seborrheic dermatitis are forms of eczema, a general term that describes inflammatory skin conditions that cause significant redness and itching. When an adult develops seborrheic dermatitis, the condition can come and go for the rest of a person’s life. See your doctor if seborrheic dermatitis does not improve, if the area becomes painful, red, or swollen, or if pus begins to drain.
Seborrheic dermatitis, also known as dandruff, is a common, scaly, itchy skin condition that affects people of all ages.