Psoriasis and eczema are often confusing skin conditions, but they are not related to each other. Eczema makes the skin red and inflamed. May be scaly, festering, or crusty. You may see rough, leathery patches that are sometimes dark.
Psoriasis causes scaly, thick, red, well-defined patches, commonly on areas such as the elbows and knees. It is common to see psoriasis on a child’s face, buttocks, and scalp. You’ll also see thick patches of skin with overlapping redness. Psoriasis and eczema are two common skin conditions that affect millions of people in the United States and around the world.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that causes dry, itchy, and thick patches of skin. Eczema is a chronic skin condition that causes red, itchy, dry skin rashes. Let’s take a look at the difference between the two conditions. If you or a loved one has patches of red, dry, itchy skin that may come and go, you may be wondering if it’s eczema or psoriasis.
Or are these two conditions the same thing? They are not. Eczema and psoriasis are two different skin diseases that may require different treatment plans. That’s why it’s important to talk to your healthcare provider to get the right diagnosis. Several health conditions can cause dry, flaky skin.
Psoriasis and eczema, for example, can cause symptoms so similar that it can be difficult to tell the difference. Both eczema and psoriasis can be itchy, but eczema, said Dr. Cohen, “may cause severe itching, while psoriasis causes more burning or stinging sensation or mild itching. In fact, while eczema is often very itchy, especially at night and in children to the point of interrupting sleep, psoriasis may not be itchy at all.
Up to half of all people with psoriasis have metabolic syndrome, which includes conditions such as heart disease and high blood pressure. About 80 percent of people have the so-called “plaque psoriasis” type, where scaly, raised patches develop on the skin. Many people confuse psoriasis and eczema because both can cause the skin to become dry, red, itchy, and inflamed. With eczema, especially in children, symptoms most often appear in skin folds or “folds” of the body, particularly along the folds of the elbows, knees, wrists, neck and ankles.
A low-strength steroid cream called hydrocortisone is available without a prescription and may help improve some symptoms of psoriasis and eczema. Often, people with eczema scratch the itchy skin, which causes more inflammation and dryness of the skin, which causes more itching. If you have atopic dermatitis, the most common type of eczema, you may be very familiar with periodic flare-ups and itching that often worsens at night and can interfere with sleep. Eczema is a general term to describe a group of skin conditions that cause redness and inflammation, affecting nearly 30 million Americans.
Phototherapy is helpful for some people with psoriasis, and most dermatologists can do photodynamic therapy. Both eczema and psoriasis can affect the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, although psoriasis is most often the diagnosis when the presentation occurs on the soles of the feet. Psoriasis that occurs on the palms of the hands, in the folds of the skin, or on the scalp may not appear with the typical thick, silvery scales usually seen on lighter skin. Treatment of psoriasis will likely involve a combination of medications, natural remedies, phototherapy, and lifestyle changes.
A filagrin deficiency can also cause moisture to escape, causing dry skin symptoms that are often seen in people with eczema. However, newer agents that are more “targeted” to the now known underlying cause of these two inflammatory disorders are more specific to psoriasis or eczema by suppressing specific arms of the immune system. .